1 Avoiding repetition
As well as Task Achievement, another criterion the examiner will use is called Lexical Resource. This assesses the accuracy and range of vocabulary you use. To display a wide range of vocabulary, you must make sure not to simply repeat your own words or the words from the question.
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1.1 A good way to avoid repetition is to use synonyms. Which word s A-F could be used to replace the underlined words in the sentences 1-6?
1 There was a sharp decrease in sales between 2007 and 2010.
2 The figures fell steadily over the next 10 years.
3 It is predicted that the numbers will begin to increase from 2025.
4 It is predicted that the number will remain the same for the next ten years.
5 The charts show how many people travelled by train in 1950.
6 According to the data in the table, 2005 was the most successful year.
You need to write an introductory statement for your description. For this, it is particularly important to use your own words instead of copying words and phrases directly from the question, You can do this by
- using a synonym of the words in the question.
- changing the form of a word (e.g. changing a verb into a noun).
1.2 Look at these extracts from Writing Task 1 questions, and candidates’ introductory statements. Replace the underlined words in the candidates’ answers with a suitable phrase from the box to improve the range of vocabulary.
A. how many
B. a group of people of a range of ages
C. the countries they come from
D. the number of vehicles on the road
E. have taken courses at
F. different sports preferred by
G. how much people spent
1 The graph shows traffic growth in the Neatherlands between 1960 and 2010.
The graph indicates the change in traffic in the Neatherlands from 1960 to 2010.
2 The bar chart shows the sporting preferences of 100 adults, boys and girls in Manchester.
The bar chart tells us the sporting preferences of 100 adults, boys and girls in Manchester.
3 The graph shows the number of students that have attended the college since 1980 and their different nationalities.
From the graphs, we can see the number of students that have attended the college since 1980 as well as their different nationalities.
4 The two pie charts show the average household expenditure in the US in 1900 and in 2000.
The pie charts reveal the average household expenditure in the US in 1900 and 2000.
1.3 Look at the candidates’ statements again. Which other examples of paragraph can you find?
This response will be reviewed and graded after submission.