The diagram below shows the manufacturing process for making sugar from sugar cane.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Model Answer 1:

The illustration outlines different steps of producing sugar from sugar cane. As is clearly delineated in the diagram, sugar cane plants get ready to be processed for manufacturing sugar when they are over one year old, and the process involves harvesting, crushing, making syrup, centrifuging, and finally drying and colling.

As the diagram depicts, sugar cane plants are harvested from the fields when they are at least one to one and a half years old for the purpose of making sugar from them. They are harvested either manually by human labourers or by using machines. In the third step, these sugar canes are crushed in a crusher machine to produce juice. Afterwards, the produced juice is purified by a limestone filter before the juice is heated by an evaporator to create the syrup. Sugar crystal is separated from the syrup in a device called a centrifuge. The final step involves drying and cooling the produced sugar crystals to make the sugar that we consume.

Model Anser 2:

The picture diagram illustrates the phases involved in producing sugar from sugar cane plants.

Generally speaking, sugar production involves seven main stages that start with growing the sugar cane on farms and culminates in drying and cooling the crystal syrup to form sugar which is ready to be consumed.

As the process diagram suggests, in the first step, the sugar cane plants are harvested from the farmland when they are about a year to eighteen months old. The harvesting of sugar cane plants is done either manually or with the help of agricultural machinery. After that, the sugar cane stalks are crushed in a grinder, resulting in the formation of sugar cane juice. Afterwards, this juice is purified with the use of a limestone filter. Subsequently, the juice is heated in an evaporator device. During this step, the vaporization of water creates the syrup, which is then poured into a centrifuge machine where it separates sugar crystals from the syrup. In the final stage, the created crystals are dried and cooled to manufacture the final product- which is sugar.